The Nitrogen Cycle. What Fish Keepers NEED to know!

Establishing a healthy environment for our fish can be a daunting task. That is of course if you don’t know what you are doing! The first thing that a fish keeper must understand is the nitrogen cycle. This process includes the vital steps that we need to understand in order to fully grasp the idea of having a biological filtration cycle in keeping fish. As fish keeping enthusiasts we design, decorate, and make the environment of which our fish live in, and we are also responsible for their wellbeing.

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Stress and Gill Damage

Author: Chris Neaves One of the fundamental needs of fish, like other animals, is to have an adequate supply of oxygen. In koi it is the gills that function to extract oxygen from the water, making it available to the red blood cells for distribution throughout the body. Oxygen is exchanged with the chemical waste product carbon dioxide, which is returned to the gills and then passed into the water. This process of gas exchange is referred to as respiration.

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Stress and Koi

Author: Chris Neaves

Modern life styles have made us acutely aware of the effects of stress and the problems it produces for the individual and society. Stress is blamed for nearly every malady afflicting man, beast and koi. Stress is also used to explain diseases that are either undiagnosed or misdiagnosed. Prolonged stress can even cause death. Stress has a dramatic and very real influence on our lives and the lives of our koi.

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